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Encyclopaedia Judaica

Jews in Morocco 09: French Protectorate 1940-1948

Vichy laws and the restrictions against the Jews: Jewish quarters, concentration camps for foreign Jews

Encyclopaedia
              Judaica: Jews in Morocco, vol.12, col.333, elder Jews
              probably from Casablanca
Encyclopaedia Judaica: Jews in Morocco, vol.12, col.333, elder Jews probably from Casablanca

from: Morocco; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 12

presented by Michael Palomino (2008)


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<Holocaust Period.

Moroccan Jews were neither despoiled nor deported by the Germans, although they suffered from incessant humiliations under the Vichy government (see *France, Holocaust Period) and from the extremist interpretation of its laws. These lois d'exceptions [[exceptional laws]], passed on Oct. 31, 1940, caused a deterioration in the relations between Jews and Muslims, despite Sultan Muhammad V's declaration that all his subjects were equal. There were Jewish quotas in the schools; Jews received only half the food ration allotted to the Muslim population and were obliged to live in the mellah [[Jewish quarter]], where the overcrowding caused epidemics.

Foreign Jews who sought sanctuary in Morocco were placed in labor or concentration camps, together with "undesirable" elements. Immediately after the U.S. landings, the Rabbi Eliahu Synagogue in Casablanca was desecrated and pogroms broke out all over the country. Moroccan Jewry's economic, legal, and social status was gradually restored only after June 1943, when the Gaullists came to power.

[R.AT.]> (col. 342)

[[In 1941 and 1942 Vichy France is organizing concentration camps and railway constructioning in the desert of Algeria and Morocco for the demobilized French Foreign Legion, within over 1500 Jews.
In: Martin Gilbert: Final solution, map 59]]

[[About the years between 1943 and 1948 there is no indication in the Encyclopaedia Judaica]].






Sources
Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971: Morocco, vol.
                        12, col. 341-342
Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971: Morocco, vol. 12, col. 341-342




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