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Jewry: Fake and truth in the Old Testament (OT) according to documents and excavations

New identity by new Jewish history by help of chronology and archaeological research

10. The alleged occupation - the legend of Moses' death: Moses describing his own death...

Map with Mount Nebo,
              Dibon and Jericho, which is uninhabited during the alleged
              Moses times
Map with Mount Nebo, Dibon and Jericho, which is uninhabited during the alleged Moses times

by Michael Palomino (2006 / 2010)

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from: Israel Finkelstein / Neil A. Silberman: The Bible unearthed. Archeology's New Vision of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Texts; The Free Press, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 2001; German edition has got the title "No trombones before Jericho" (orig. German: "Keine Posaunen vor Jericho"): edition C.H.Beck oHG, Munich 2002;

Here in this analysis is used the German version "Keine Posaunen vor Jericho" of DTV, Munich 2004, second edition of 2005. All page indications refer to the German version. I hope the page numbers are not very different.

Moses is said having proclaimed the laws

OT claims:

-- only in the Eastbank in the plain of Moab Moses is said having proclaimed the precise text of the laws which have to be followed when Canaan should be occupied well (p.65)

-- 5th Moses book (Deuteronomy) indicates that Moses is said having written on Mount Nebo the 5 Moses books with it's own hand shortly before his death (p.22).


The alleged warning of Moses that all laws have to be fulfilled precisely

OT claims:

God is said having stood before the Jews when they were at the frontier entering Canaan, and God is said having ordered an ethnic cleansing in Canaan destroying all traces of idolatry destroying all Canaanites (p.87).

Before his death Moses is said having stressed who important would be to fulfill all laws of god for a successful occupation of the promised land (p.87) respectively the new "Book of Law" claims that the new "laws" should be fulfilled in all their details so the sins of generations before will be overcome and the whole land will be Jewish (p.110).

Moses is said having stated that the Jews will perform the occupation of the land and will keep the occupation
-- when the law of the alliance will be followed strictly
-- when there will not be marriages with the neighbors [this law goes against any anti racism law]
-- when every involvement into heathen style of life of Canaan will be omitted (p.112).

[There is a big contradiction with this law
It's not comprehensible why God will "promise" land to a group of humans which has to be occupied first by wars and religious mass murder. Add to this this region is a transit country for the big Empires and will be occupied again and again by new powers. In any other region will be more peace than there].

The alleged appointment of the new war leader Joshua

OT claims:

Before his death Moses is said having appointed Joshua - his adjutant for many years - as the war leader for the alleged occupation of the land (p.87). Joshua is the sun of Nun. Joshua is said having been the new war leader for the occupation and ethnic cleansing action (p.65).

The alleged death of Moses

Map with Mount Nebo, Dibon and Jericho,
                        which is uninhabited during the alleged Moses
                        times
OT claims:
-- Moses shall die as the last member of the group which had the experience in Egypt (p.87)
-- Moses himself is said having died on Mount Nebo (p.65).

Moses is said having prescribed his own death. This is really not possible...
Map with Mount Nebo with the towns Dibon and Jericho. In the period of Moses Jericho has no population.


Conclusion: Heroism of Moses exodus is a fake in combination with the political situation of 720 B .C. appr.

All proofs and evidence indicate that the exodus of Moses was written in the second half of 7th century B.C. and in the first half of 6th century B.C., because many places refer to the political landscape of the 7th century B.C. (p.82). But during the alleged exodus these places had no population and played no political role (p.78).

So, the exodus from Egypt is a composition of different periods of times (p.78):

-- not one single Egypt ruler of the time of the claimed exodus is mentioned with it's name in OT, but later the rulers are always mentioned with their names

-- the only real reason for a migration in the desert migrating on Sinai peninsula would be the fright of the of the coastal road by the Israeli masses of 600,000 migrants, but the Egypt fortress system is never mentioned in the Moses books, and at the same time the supervision of the coastal road is very strong during 7th century B.C. as it was during the alleged exodus from Egypt (p.79).

[The evidence of the Egypt chain of fortresses is missing in the Bible
The fact that the Egypt fortress system on the coastal road is missing, this is a main evidence that the whole exodus of Moses is an invention. Or the fortresses had been empty for 40 years during the exodus, but archeology would have made out this jump in the cultural development comparing articles of daily use, and empty fortresses would not make any sense].

[Calumniation of kingdom of Moab and kingdom of Ammon also is wrong - the war since 1948
The invention of kingdoms having blocked the masses of population under Moses also is wrong because these kingdoms Moab and Ammon did not exist in these times according to the archaeological excavations. So, Old Testament is a systematic calumniation having a propagandistic war reason for a later time. It can even be admitted that the wars between racist Zionist Israel and its neighbors since 1948 always get new mental stipulation by these calumniations].


Donald Redford: Exodus under leadership of Moses is a legend in combination with the geographical conditions of 7th century B.C.

Archaeologist and egyptologist Donald Redford comes to the conclusion that all geographic conditions of the exodus are implanted from 7th century B.C. So, all events with the faked exodus can be explained (p.79):

-- the location of Pithom in the eastern part of Nile Delta was constructed as a town at the end of the 7th century B.C. and before hardly is any population there

-- the designation of Migdol is a general denomination for fortresses in the New Reich, but as a geographic name in the eastern Nile Delta Migdol is only important in the 7th century B.C., mentioned in Jeremiah 44,1 and 46,14

-- Gosen as a location for Jews coming from Canaan arriving in Egypt (Genesis 45,10) is not an Egypt name, but is a Semite name of Arab Kedarite kings, and only since 6th century B.C. Arab population is coming to the delta taking over the power there in 5th century B.C. (p.80).

A short summary is like this:
Jewish immigration to Egypt and also the exodus under the leadership of Moses seem to be a free composition of histories and legends. But casually all mentioned places and states correspond with the map of 7th century B.C. (p.82).

Finkelstein / Silberman are joining this thesis because "Torah and history presented in Deuteronomy in fact has got characteristics having been written in the 7th century B.C." (p.34)


[Conclusion:
Identity of Israelites (Jews) is formed in the mountain villages of Canaan and in the desert of Jordan of today, and in Egypt the Jews hardly had something to do.

Slavery in Egypt is a lie and can be dropped. The construction of a town Ramses with slavery is a lie and can be dropped. And also heroism of a child of Moses found in a little basket in Nile river, and the great migration 40 years in the desert under leadership of Moses are a lie and can be dropped, and also the laws of Moses are a lie and can be dropped. All this is an invention of Orthodox priests who abused their competence being able to read and to write - to the contrary the masses of the populations in these times were illiterates yet. And by this all reasons of hatred against Egypt fall away for all Jews - oh, this is bad for war mongers racist Zionists. There is no propaganda against Egypt any more!!!].

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Photo sources
-- map with Mount Nebo, Dibon and Jericho, which is uninhabited during the alleged Moses times:
David Rohl: Pharaohs and Prophets (orig. German: Pharaonen und Propheten); edition Bechtermünz 1995


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