Chapter 1. A Time of Crisis:
[1.4. Jewish Populations in Eastern Europe
The need for these reconstruction plans was obvious as far as
the Jewish population of Poland, Romania, and other countries
in Eastern Europe was concerned. There were a considerable
number of these Jews in 1929:
-- an estimated 2,850,000 in Poland (according to the 1921
census, or about 3,090,000 by 1929);
-- some 260,000 in Lithuania and Latvia (according to censuses
held in 1921 in Lithuania and 1925 in Latvia);
-- in Romania an estimated 760,000 for 1925;
-- in Czechoslovakia, between 350,000 and 400,000;
-- in Hungary, some 450,000.
In all, some 5,000,000 Jews were (p.27)
living in these countries, or about 30 percent of all the Jews
of the world (estimated at 15,000,000 in 1929).