After [on 15 September
1935] the Nuremberg laws were promulgated, the economic
situation of German Jewry deteriorated swiftly. Kahn
reported in November 1935 that Jewish businesses were
being sold at ridiculously low prices and that Jewish
unemployment had risen. Of 150,000 self-employed
persons, 37,000 were now unemployed, including 20,000
who were on relief. Of the 120,000 employees and
workers, 48,000 were unemployed, and of these 32,000
were on (p.136)
relief. In 1936 41 soup kitchens distributed 2,357,000
meals, and 3,000 places in old age homes were reserved
for people whose families could no longer take care of
them: the numbers were increasing.
(End note 74: 28-30-ZA report 1938)
Jonah B. Wise's forecast, made a year previously, that
Germany would become an old age home and a graveyard to
its Jews, was obviously in the process of realization.
[Jan 1937: Jewish work
offices closed - work prohibition for Jews on any
higher profession - World War I privilege revoked]
After early January 1937 all Jewish labor exchanges were
closed, and the Arbeitsfront pressed for the discharge
of Jewish employees in non-Jewish stores. A short
respite was granted to German Jewry because of the 1936
Olympic Games, which took place in Germany, but
persecution never really stopped. Jews were eliminated
from newspaper staffs and from the arts, and they ceased
to function as public notaries, apothecaries,
veterinarians, and similar professions. The exemptions
that had been granted earlier for frontline soldiers in
World War I were now revoked.
[March 1937 approx.:
Destruction of Jewry in Germany is going on]
In early 1937 there were no longer any illusions
anywhere. JDC, which had moved from a position of
qualified support for emigration to one of unqualified
support, was quite certain that "the German problem is
bound to solve itself before long. Certainly, it will
not solve itself in an agreeable way. ... More people
will leave in much larger numbers than statistics show;
a great many have left and are here and elsewhere on
visitor's passes and will never go back."
(End note 75: Felix M. Warburg at a meeting at the home
of Ittleson, 4/29/37 [29 April 1937], R13)
[March 1938 approx.: 380,000 Jews in Germany
By early 1938 only 380,000 Jews were left in Germany. Of
these, 82,000 were receiving winter relief and an
additional 20,000 were getting special Jewish relief.
(End note 76: Executive Committee, 1/20/38 [20 January
1938]; Kahn on Germany, WYC, Box 327 (c), November 1935)
German Jewry was approaching its end.
[There is no indication if the 1/4, 1/2 and 3/4 Jews are
counted within the figures or not].