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Encyclopaedia Judaica

Zionism 6: Zionism 1945-1948: "Rescue" of the remnant

Zionist dominance after 1945 - Zionists bringing the Jewish remnants into the next war
from: History; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 8

presented by Michael Palomino (2007)

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<It seemed after the Holocaust to many, friends and enemies alike, that with regard of Jews Hitler had achieved his purpose of breaking their spirit, though he had failed in achieving their total extermination. In looking at the physical wrecks in the camps, and in counting the scanty remnants of European Jewry, it seemed to the foreign secretary of the Labor government, Ernest *Bevin, as well as to many other level-headed statesmen, that the time had come to liquidate the enterprise of European Jewry in Erez Israel after its virtual liquidation in Europe.

Emancipation had again returned formally to Jews all over the world; the (col. 768)

anti-Semitism of Stalin was yet to be seen. The pressure of the Jewish masses for immigration to Erez Israel seemed to be gone with the annihilation of these masses. Economically rich countries were ready to receive the remnants; why imagine that they would insist on going to a poor, dangerous, and effort-demanding little country?

The Jews of Erez Israel had witnessed the horror of the destruction of millions of Jews, of the conception of Jews as subhuman beings, and the passivity of the democratic and communist pro-Jewish world. It seemed that ensuring a guaranteed status of an autonomous and prosperous minority in an Arab state should satisfy the Jews of Erez Israel, while rehabilitation and immigration would help what remained of European Jewry.

[The drive of the European Jews for Palestine after the Holocaust - the attractiveness of an illusion - against Arabs and British at one time]

RESCUE OF THE REMNANT.

This view and plan was upset by the spirit and readiness to undergo mortal risks and physical sufferings by three elements of the Jewish people. The greater part of the remnant in Europe refused to be lured by comfort in other Diasporas. Even the many who went to the countries of Western Europe and the United States, and even those who found it possible to return to live in German cities, conceived that they could see no other compensation for their humiliation, for the torture and death of their brethren - and no other surety or hope that a Jew could continue to live among men and be considered a fellowman - but the creation of an independent political and social existence in a Jewish state in Erez Israel.

The Jews of Erez Israel showed themselves at this juncture ready to face both Arabs and ultimately British might and risk everything for the creation of a Jewish state. The cooperation of the soldiers of the Jewish Brigade in Europe was enlisted, paratroopers were dropped behind Nazi lines during the war (see Hannah *Scenes), emissaries of the Haganah and I.Z.L. were sent to Europe,

[Illegal immigration heroism - Jewish terror against British in Palestine financed by "US" Jews - a "sign" for "humanity to small peoples"]

and they began again to organize "illegal" immigration (cf. *Berihah).

The attempts to enter Erez Israel were met by the British authorities by expulsions. The immigrant ship Exodus was intercepted and went from port to port in Europe. Later on the immigrants were concentrated at Cyprus, but the ships - congested and unseaworthy - continued to arrive off the shores of Erez Israel at night. The story of their embarkation, journeyings, perilous  disembarkation, and of running the cordon of British military and police in the country, lit a flame and became a legend, a record of devotion and heroism.

The I.Z.L., and in particular the Lehi, turned to acts of sabotage and individual terror against the British. Undeterred by the specter of mass anti-Semitism and the enmity of states and statesmen, and not heeding allegations of "dual loyalty" and "Jewish lobby", U.S. Jewry poured its enthusiasm, its money, its position as Americans, into the struggle to assert a proud Jewish identity to offset the image of the skeletons in the camps. They were joined by many non-Jews who felt that their support was not only a matter of justice to the Jews but even more of giving back trust in humanity to small peoples.> (col. 769)

[[An the Arabs are not asked. And the fact is: After May 1945 there is no rescue needed any more. But WJC and other Zionist organizations made it's propaganda for a new beginning in Israel, and by this many Jews were brought into the next war...]]
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Sources
Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971: History,
                            vol. 8, col. 767-768
Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971: History, vol. 8, col. 767-768
Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971: History,
                            vol. 8, col. 769-770
Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971: History, vol. 8, col. 769-770


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