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Encyclopaedia Judaica

"Aid organization": Racist Zionist ORT for agriculture and industrial training - only for Jews

Foundation in April 1880 - workshops for agriculture in Russia - employment service during WW I - branches in whole eastern and Central Europe 1920-1939 - industrialization in Russia in the 1920s - skilled Jews moving to Palestine - ORT in racist Zionist Herzl Israel starting vocational training for new Jewish immigrants since 1948 - ORT in anti-Semitic Poland - quality - Arabs never mentioned...

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col.
                  1484: [[Jewish]] student at an ORT school in France.
                  Courtesy Joint Distribution Committee
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col. 1484: [[Jewish]] student at an
ORT school in France. Courtesy Joint Distribution Committee

from: [[racist Zionist]] ORT; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 12

presented by Michael Palomino (2008)

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[[Introduction: the coherence
ORT ("Society for Manual and Agricultural Work among Jews") was a Jewish vocational training organization founded in April 1880 in Russia to train Jews in agriculture, even before the racist "Christian" Russian czar was murdered in 1881. Founding members were racist Zionist leaders. The focus was agricultural training and the foundation of Jewish "agricultural settlements". Later the whole settlement population should move to Palestine for the foundation of racist Israel. In fact a big part of the skilled Jews mostly emigrated to Palestine at the end. So, ORT was founded to prepare the foundation of a racist Jewish Israel Empire. Criminal Gulag "Soviet Union" let the Jewish agriculture settlements grow with the speculation that the future racist Jewish Israel Empire would become a "Soviet" satellite on the Mediterranean Sea. By WW II all Jewish agricultural settlements in eastern Europe and in the European "Soviet Union" were destroyed and the Jews fled to Siberia or to the Caucasus. 1944-1948 there were big emigration waves from eastern Europe (without the Jews from criminal Gulag Russia) to Palestine organized by racist Zionists, and the skilled workers of ORT came to Palestine into the next war. Stalin did not let the Jews leave and waited until Israel was "founded" (without official borderlines). Since 1948, when it turned out that Israel would become a "US" satellite, Stalin blocked the borders and no Russian Jews could emigrate to Palestine to support the racist Zionist Israel Empire project from Nile to Euphrates. But from other countries came enough Jews trained by racist Zionist ORT supporting the wars of the racist "Jewish State". ORT placed itself in racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl Israel and developed also vocational training for other professions, but only for Jews...]].

[Foundation of ORT for vocational training for Jews in Russia in April 1880]

<ORT (initials of Rus. Obshchestvo Rasprostraneniya Truda sredi Yevreyev, originally meaning "Society for Manual [and Agricultural] Work [among Jews]", and later - from 1921 - "Society for Spreading [Artisan and Agricultural] Work [among Jews]"), organization for the promotion and development by vocational training of skilled trades and agriculture among Jews.

It was initiated by a "private letter" sent out in April 1880 to the Jews of the towns of Russia, signed by S.S. *Poliakov, Baron Horace *Guenzberg, A.J. Zak, L.M. *Roenthal, and M.F. *Friedland, concerning the permission granted by Czar Alexander II "to collect a fund for a philanthropic purpose..."

The Jewish population in all parts of the country was called upon to contribute to the fund which was intended "to support and develop the existing vocational schools for Jews, to help open new schools, to help the Jewish agricultural colonies, model farms, and agricultural (col. 1481)

schools".

[[The "agricultural colonies" were the preparation course for the foundation of agriculture in future racist Zionist Herzl Israel, the project of a racist Jewish Empire from Nile to Euphrates according to 1st Mose, chapter 15, phrase 18]].

Response to the letter was widespread. A capital of 204,000 rubles was quickly collected. Over 25 years (1880-1905), ORT raised the sum of one million rubles. The interest from this sum and the dues paid by its wealthy members supported ORT in that period. The sum was lost in the 1917 Revolution. During this initial period ORT's legal status was uncertain. It was not until 1906 that it received regular legal authorization.

The 90-year history of ORT can be divided into four (principal) periods:

1880-1920

[Workshops for Jews in racist czarist "Christian" Russia - employment service during WW I]

At first ORT functioned in Russia only, on a small scale. One of its aims in this period was to assist craftsmen by transferring them from the *Pale of Settlement to the Russian interior. The committee of ORT decided upon the establishment of small workshops for trades such as tailoring, shoemaking, or carpentry within a talmud torah [[school]] or orphanage, or settled requests from needy persons.

A large-scale campaign "Help Through Work" was launched between 1914 and 1916, helping needy Jews who had been driven out of their homes in wartime to find employment in the new places where they settled.

1920-1945

[ORT setting up branches in whole eastern and Central Europe]

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col.
                  1484: [[Jewish]] student at an ORT school in France.
                  Courtesy Joint Distribution Committee
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col. 1484: [[Jewish]] student at an
ORT school in France. Courtesy Joint Distribution Committee

In 1921 ORT was established in Berlin as an international organization with the name World ORT Union. From a purely philanthropic organization it increasingly became a basic social movement in Jewish life. Subsequently ORT was active in the areas formerly within the Russian Empire-Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, and Bessarabia - as well as in Germany, France, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Rumania. This work by ORT had a considerable influence not only on the masses most directly involved, but also on Jewish communities of the so-called (col. 1482)

"helping countries", which had been invited to join the ORT movement, to support it financially, and to help it expand and consolidate its activities.

[[Many of the farmers and skilled workers trained by ORT emigrated to Palestine to support the racist Zionist project of a "Greater Israel" from Nile to Euphrates against the Arabs. By this ORT became a racist Zionist organization...]]

[ORT international committee - ideology of "manual work"]

Between the two wars, ORT's global work was directed by an international committee headed by Leon *Bramson, former member of the *Duma, with the help of David *Lvovich and Aaron *Syngalowski. The latter inspired the ideology of ORT and spread the idea of manual work among Jews, stressing the need for a change in the economic structure of Jewish life. The committee established [[racist Zionist]] ORT organizations in the [[criminal racist]] United States, [[racist English Empire]] South Africa, Canada, South America, and many other places.

Until 1938, the [[criminal Gulag]] Soviet Union was also an important area of [[racist Zionist]] ORT activity. [[Racist Zionist]] ORT was the first organization in the [[criminal Gulag]] Soviet Union to assist (from 1922) in the rehabilitation of Jewish farmers in the Ukraine, who had suffered severe losses, both in lives and to their farms, during World War and the Civil War [[against anti-Semitic Poland]]. [[The farmers should emigrate to Palestine later, or their families had children and these children should get into the upper class...]]

[[Racist Zionist]] ORT then cooperated with [[racist Zionist]] Komzet [[Committee for the Agricultural Settlement of Jewish Workers]] (see *Russia, under the [[criminal Gulag]] Soviet regime). It assisted in the transference of many Jews in Belorussia to occupation in agriculture [[with projected emigration to Palestine later]]. Assistance to Jewish settlers was provided in Bessarabia, where ORT's activities in 1928 extended to 604 families in 37 agricultural settlements. By this year ORT had aided a total of 141 settlements with 4,737 families (c. 20,000 persons) cultivating agricultural land amounting to approximately 40,000 dessiatine (c. 108,000 acres), as shown by the following table:

[Jewish agricultural settlements aided by ORT]
Country
Number of Settlements
Number of Families
Agricultural Land (in dessiatines)
[[criminal Gulag]] Soviet Union
86xxxxxxxxx
3,222xxxxxx 32,232xxxxxxxxx
[[anti-Semitic]] Poland
18xxxxxxxxx 911xxxxxx 3,100xxxxxxxxx
Bessarabia
37xxxxxxxxx 604xxxxxx 3,631xxxxxxxxx
Total
141xxxxxxxxx 4,737xxxxxx 38,963
(105,200 acres)
from: [[racist Zionist]] ORT; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, vol. 12, col. 1483

A report of 1934 shows that in the [[criminal Gulag]] Soviet Union ORT operated 67 agricultural colonies, with 3,100 families or almost 10,000 persons, 47 factories and cooperatives in cities and kolkhozes, employing more than 5,000 persons, as well as many adult courses and workshops. In [[anti-Semitic]] Poland there were 49 schools for adolescents and adult courses with over 2,000 students in addition to 12 agricultural colonies. There was also an ORT network in Rumania [[Romania]], Lithuania, Latvia, Hungary, Bulgaria, France, and Germany.

[[All these Jews should emigrate to Palestine later to support racist Zionist Herzl Israel to build a "Greater Israel" against the Arabs, or their families had children and these children should get into the upper class...]]

[Racist Zionist ORT industrial training for industrialization in "Soviet Union"]

One of the problems which ORT tackled was to help working Jewish youth and craftsmen to integrate into the industrialization especially affecting the eastern European countries after World War I. ORT also undertook to provide specialist training for certain professions in which under the legislation approved by the countries of eastern Europe (as in Poland in 1927), it was necessary to pass an examination. In the [[criminal Gulag]] Soviet Union assistance was given to Jews who, as a result of the changed Soviet economic structure, were deprived of their occupational status (lishentsi), and were compelled to turn to new sources of livelihood, especially crafts.

[[All these Jews should emigrate to Palestine later to support racist Zionist Herzl Israel to build a "Greater Israel" against the Arabs, or their families had children and these children should get into the upper class...]]

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col.
                  1482: [[Racist Zionist]] ORT school in Kaunas,
                  Lithuania, before World War II. Courtesy Yad Vashem,
                  Y. Kamson Collection, Jerusalem
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col. 1482: [[Racist Zionist]] ORT school in Kaunas,
Lithuania, before World War II. Courtesy Yad Vashem, Y. Kamson Collection, Jerusalem

[Purchase of machinery for Jewish craftsmen]

An important sphere of ORT activity was to provide Jewish craftsmen with necessary implements. In 1920-23 ORT established a central buying agency for providing implements and machines to craftsmen who had lost them during and after World War I, as well as new materials. In 1924 a similar institution to replace the buying agency was opened in London named the ORT Tool Supply Corporation, with branches in Warsaw, Kovno (Kaunas), Riga, and Czernowitz (Chernovtsy), and in the [[criminal Gulag]] Soviet Union.

1945-1960

[Migration movements of the Jews - and ORT moves with the migrants]

The programmatic and, in particular, the geographical changes which ORT experienced during these 15 years were a result of the constantly changing economic and political situation, and especially the migration affecting the Jewish communities in various countries. In accompanying the masses of Jewish refugees and emigrants to the countries where they found new homes, ORT entered into yet more Jewish communities in Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas.

[[A big part of the Jews who had taken vocational training from ORT were migrating to Palestine into the war trap supporting the wars of the racist Zionists. The Zionist plan functioned...]]

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col.
                  1482: [[Racist Zionist]] ORT school in São Paulo,
                  Brazil, 1947. Courtesy S.P. Link, Havazzelet
                  ha-Sharon. Photo L. Liberman, São Paulo
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col. 1482: [[Racist Zionist]] ORT school in São Paulo, Brazil, 1947.
Courtesy S.P. Link, Havazzelet ha-Sharon. Photo L. Liberman, São Paulo

[ORT] In [racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl] ISRAEL

[ORT Vocational training for new Jewish immigrants in racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl Isrel since 1948]

[[Racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel was the only country where the ORT idea of manual work [[only for Jews]] did not need to be propagated, as it was deeply rooted there by the pioneers of the First and Second Aliyah [[emigration to Palestine]], as well as by the halutzim (ḥalutzim) [["pioneers", who could be turned into soldiers easily]] who arrived in Erez Israel (Ereẓ Israel) [[Land of Israel]] between the two wars. [[These Jews and "pioneers" had got their vocational training ... from racist Zionist ORT]]. The establishment of [[racist Zionist]] ORT in [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel followed rapidly after the creation of the [[racist Jewish]] state [[in 1948, without official definition of borderlines]], but former students of [[racist Zionist]] ORT had been settling in Palestine from the 1920s.

In 1949, shortly after starting activity, [[racist Zionist]] ORT opened vocational courses for new (col. 1484)

immigrants in Pardes Hannah (Ḥannah), manual-training workshops in the children's village of *Ben Shemen, and the first vocational schools sections in Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Rehovot (Reḥovot), Ramleh, Jaffa, and in the yeshivah [[religious Torah school]] in Kefar Avraham. By 1970 [[racist Zionist]] ORT Israel was by far ORT's most important network. Since its establishment, [[racist Zionist]] ORT Israel has trained more than 70,000 skilled workers, technicians, and other specialists [[at the end supporting the wars of the racist Jewish army]].

In 1970 [[racist Zionist]] ORT covered some 40% of the secondary vocational training in  [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel, working in close partnership with the Ministries of Education and Labor, and with many municipalities.

From 1960

[ORT work in anti-Semitic Poland]

[[Racist Zionist]] ORT had resumed work in [[anti-Semitic]] Poland in 1957, having interrupted its activity in 1949. More than 16,000 people were trained in the decade between 1957 and 1967, when its work was again suspended.

[[This work from racist Zionist ORT had a result: At the end of the 1960s, almost all Jews from Poland emigrated to racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl Israel. By this ORT work was not only an "aid", but colonization work against the Arabs...]]:

<Between 1948 and 1949 the Polish authorities were issuing several hundred passports a month to Jews wishing to emigrate, especially to the aged, handicapped, and women left alone. Between 1949 and 1956 the number of passports issued decreased to a few dozen per month. The major years of Polish Jewish immigration to Israel were 1956-60 with their numbers reaching around 52,000. The peak year was 1957, during which some 31,000 Jews migrated to [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel. Despite the breakdown in diplomatic relations in June 1967, the Polish government continued to issue exit permits for emigration to Israel, but the motivation for this policy became more and more an anti-Semitic intent to "purge" Poland of its Jewish population.>
(from: Poland; In: Encyclopaedia Judaica 1971, Vol. 13, col. 788, see: *Poland since 1948)

The basic idea and aims of [[racist Zionist]] ORT had remained unchanged in the years between the 1920s and the 1950s. Minor changes occurred in form and work methods, varying with the standard of living and technical development in the countries of operation and, to an even larger extent, with the economic condition and mentality of the Jewish communities there. In those years ORT carried out an important educational task. It spread its principles of work among the Jews of Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Iran, and India, helping to convince them that learning a trade was the surest means to acquire economic independence.

[ORT schools developing quality]

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col.
                  1485: Car mechanics class at the ORT vocational high
                  school, Holon, [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]
                  Israel
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col. 1485: Car mechanics class at the ORT vocational
high school, Holon, [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl] Israel

ORT's work of enlightenment, and the ever improving situation of the qualified tradesman, as well as the good reputation achieved by ORT schools, made vocational training for youth accepted even in the most distant Jewish communities. By the mid-1950s there were so many applications for admission to ORT vocational schools that there were not enough vacancies. After 1960 ORT increasingly emphasized technical rather than vocational training and new skills including automation and computers.

During its 90 years of existence, over 1,000,000 people [[only Jews]] have benefited from [[racist Zionist]] ORT schools. [[Racist Zionist]] ORT national organizations existed in more than 30 countries. In addition to the training programs for Jews, programs of technical assistance to developing countries in Africa, Asia, and South America have been undertaken at the request and with the help of several governments, including those of the [[racist Zionist]] United States, [[racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl]] Israel, [["neutral"]] Switzerland, and the Scandinavian countries.

The World ORT Union headquarters are in Geneva. In 1970 William Haber (U.S.) was president of its central board and Daniel *Mayer (France) was chairman of the executive committee; M.A. Braude (U.S.) was director general, and Vladimir Halperin (France) was director. (col. 1485)

Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col.
                  1483: [[Racist Zionist]] ORT Central Institute for
                  Teacher and Technician Training, Geneva
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col. 1483: [[Racist Zionist]] ORT Central Institute
for Teacher and Technician Training, Geneva

[[Addition: Racist Zionist ORT as a member of the racist Zionist connection
At the end many of the trained Jews by ORT emigrated to racist Zionist Free Mason CIA Herzl Israel supporting the racist Zionist project to form a "Greater Israel" from Nile to Euphrates according to the racist Zionist governments in Jerusalem and 1st Mose chapter 15 phrase 18. Racist Zionist ORT was a member of the racist Zionist connection and was a main reliever of skilled workers for the racist Zionist governments in Palestine for their wars against the Arabs. The Arabs are never mentioned in the article...]]


Bibliography

-- 30 Years of ORT
-- Historical Materials, Documents and Reports (1960)
-- J. Rader: By the Skill of their Hands, the Story of ORT (1970).

[V.HA. / ED.]> (col. 1486)
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Sources
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12,
                    col. 1481-1482
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col. 1481-1482
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12,
                    col. 1483-1484
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col. 1483-1484
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12,
                    col. 1485-1486
Encyclopaedia Judaica (1971): ORT, vol. 12, col. 1485-1486

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